The building is the headquarters of the Nuremberg Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the history of which begins with the new market regulations of 1560. This date marks the birth of commercial self-government in Nuremberg. The “Marktgewölbe”, market vault on the “Hauptmarkt”, Main Market Square, is where the “Board of Trade” met, the precursor of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, which was formally founded 1843 by King Ludwig I of Bavaria. He approved the formation of a chamber of commerce in Nuremberg and five other Bavarian cities, thus laying the foundation for the comprehensive chamber system in Germany.
In the early years, its role is limited to advising the government on ways to facilitate trade. But as early as 1868, with the introduction of general freedom of trade and industry in Bavaria, the powers of the chambers were also expanded: they were granted hearing, appeal and initiative rights as well as the right to elect honorary representatives directly.
When the National Socialists under Hitler 1933 seized power, the Chamber was initially forced into line with the new regime and in 1943 the self-government of the economy was totally abolished. The buildings were almost completely destroyed in the bombing raids of the Second World War. The CCI resumed its work in 1945 by decree of the American military government and was reconstituted by federal law in 1956. This building was the first house to be rebuilt on the main market square. The present-day chamber house was built between 2014 and 2019 as a result of a general refurbishment with partial new construction.